Borobudur Temple Compounds
The temples in Indonesia are often referred to as “candi” describing their ancient structures.A trip to Magelang in Indonesia is sparkled with visit to old temples which will definitely enlighten one’s soul. Some of the enlightening temples are the Borobudur Temple, Mendut Temple and Pawon Temple constructed in a straight line in the Borobudur Temple Compounds. Tourists from around the world, especially south-eastern region of Asia, visit this place by walking, as a part you’re the old tradition. Surrounded by green lush vegetation and volcanoes, the Borobudur Temple Compound is situated in the Kedu Valley at the hilltop of an island in central Java. The temple has been listed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. Over 500 statues of Buddha are established around the temple. The temple was built in the Golden Era belonging to the Sailendra dynasty in the 8th and 9th century. The temple was constructed between the period 750 to 842 AD. In 1970, the monument underwent restorations by the UNESCO. Until 15th century, the monument was used solely as a temple for the purpose of worshipping. However, after its rediscovery in the 19th century, the temple was declared as a Buddhist archeological site.
The Mendut and the Pawon Temples are comparably smaller than the Borobudur Temple. The Mendut temple is depicted by a formidable monolith of Buddha along with 2 Bodhisattvas. The Pawon Temple does not represent the object or idol of worship by the inhabitants. The compound is an unroofed pyramid with many steps in it. It includes around10 superimposing terraces. The Borobudur temple houses one of the finest collections of beautifully crafted and largest monuments. Basically, it was built in three tiers: a platform base with 5 square shaped terraces, 3 trunks of cones with round platforms, monumental stupa at the peak. The compound is surrounded by 72 openwork stupas. Each stupa includes a statue of Buddha. The pyramid-like structure is designed in a mountain shape. At the center of the temple, there is a hill where 5 terraces structures are built. The art and architecture used in the decoration of the compound are influenced by the typical Indian style. The balustrades and wall are designed with fine low reliefs spanning a total surface area by 2,500 square meters.
A catastrophic volcanic eruption in 2010 has caused threats and damages to the structure. One can also visit another Hindu complex temple known as the Prambanan Temple, just 57 kilometer away from Borobudur. The compound is located nearby Yogyakarta Adisucipto International Airport. A simple one time visit to the Borobudur Temple Compounds gives you opportunity to experience spirituality and peace. The compounds are truly a testimony of the Indonesian art and Buddha’s existence during the ancient times.