Indonesia offers a wide exposure to its history through its diverse cultures, trade, myths, rulers, ideas and religions. It houses an impressive array of monuments spanning from ages to the current period built in remembrance of the wars, country’s founding, great people and national memorable days. Also known as “Monas”, “Tugu Monas Square” or “Monumen Nasional”, the National Monument of Indonesia is one of the most visited tourist attractions across the globe. Located at the Monas Field in the central part of Merdeka Square, the monument is a major icon of Central Jakarta in Indonesia. With its beginning of construction in 1960 during the Sukarno era, the National Monument was finally established in 1961 and officially exposed for public viewing in 1975. It is considered as the most reputed structures in the city. It is a form salutation to the resistance against the foreign rulers. It is meant for crowing the efforts of the brave freedom fighters for their proclamation of independence in August 1945. The National Monument was founded in commemoration of independence, while honoring the courage and struggle of the war heroes. The then President Sukarno had a view of erecting a tower equivalent to the Eiffel Tower. The architecture is designed by Frederich Silaban and Soedarsono. Finally, it was inaugurated on the Independence Day on 17th August, 1975 by Sukrano.
The tower is an Italian marble obelisk, standing tall with a height of 433 feet. At the top of the tower rests a burning bronze flame with diameter of 6 meters, wrapped in golden foil. The flame is actually a torch in cup-shape weighing 14.5 tons, covered with a gold coating of 35 kilograms. It is made up of 77 concentrated parts. The monument was constructed on a base area of 80 hectares. The peak’s court has the capacity to accommodate 50 people. A beautiful view of the peak can be enjoyed during the night when it glows and shines. All the sides of the walls have 12 windows depicting the devoted life-events of the Indonesian ancestors. The walls, marbles and pillars engulf 48 dioramas.
The monument is often used as the centre for social gathering and hosting of cultural events or arts festivals for people of all backgrounds. The base of the tower serves as a museum and a hall for meditation. The museum at the base is known as ‘Gajah Mada’, it hosts some of the significant artistic and cultural historical collections. The museum is big and can accommodate about 500 people. The ‘Hall of Contemplation’ in the building showcases the ‘Declaration of Independence’ along with an audio recording of the speech. The independence space is amphitheatre-shaped and located in the cup Monas Monument. It depicts the attribute map of Independence Day, white and red flag, Unitary Republic of Indonesia-archipelago, state emblem and a gate door reading the script of the Declaration of Independence.
Elevator facility is available for visitors to reach the peak at a height of 115 meters. The observation spot enables the tourists to have a bird’s eye view of the city and the sea including the famous Medan Merdeka Park, one of most exotic gardens known as the- ‘Orchid Gardens’ and Istiqlal Mosque. The monument is a reflection of the love and zeal of the Indonesian natives towards their brave fighters. The monument, along with the museum is open every day from 8 am to 3 pm, as per local timings. It is recommended not to visit the site during holidays or Sundays, since the queue is long.